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Summary of debt securities outstanding
By residence and sector of issuer, amounts outstanding at end-December 2018, in billions of US dollars
«  Q4 2018 › »
Total debt securities Domestic debt securities International debt securities
Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government
Total Banks
All countries                        24,22216,9196,8673,7051,892
Developed countries                        17,07513,4925,9722,918666
Austria50316642295            2691218943105
Belgium73020368459            16392195120
Cyprus2310013            2315217
Estonia2110            20010
Finland34318435124            194156772017
France4,5471,6086762,263            1,4561,0466354028
Germany3,5471,5421921,813            1,25997852719784
Greece9921176            533328217
Ireland78861914154            838803851619
Italy3,1787721622,244            83057725515994
Latvia111010            1210   11
Lithuania170116            13......112
Luxembourg1,018982269            828726133974
Malta11416            10   1   
Netherlands2,1411,621148372            2,0861,8846082003
Portugal3098139188            613614817
Slovakia5810443            120...38
Slovenia340133            1100011
Spain1,9596651181,176            5194671534111
Denmark763622261156455273115120975623...
Iceland            2111371511912
Liechtenstein                        2220   
Norway4302777776222109387524420018844...
Sweden69152013158397268131164953581988849
Switzerland            3771887211692744218...
United Kingdom5,7482,5985112,635            3,1112,7041,34838819
Australia1,8731,0651826271,31265039623617551355643
Canada3,1431,4165581,1692,1408243161,000940528335278134
Japan12,4982,5197809,20012,0542,2845769,1944423252361126
New Zealand            58      5824117113
United States41,30116,1216,28418,680            2,3451,6955686465
Offshore centres                        2,8712,65539713382
Aruba                        322...0
Bahamas                        129522
Bahrain                        2642417
Barbados                        210   1
Bermuda                        117993153
Cayman Islands                        1,8001,7909273
Curacao                        222      
Gibraltar                        00...0...
Hong Kong SAR50130247152            324276157453
Lebanon            510   513800...38
Macau SAR                        161616...   
Mauritius                        54   1...
Panama                        2684215
Singapore4412071429292      921701399831...
West Indies UK                        312288324...
Emerging market and developing economies                        2,5717724976551,144
Developing Africa and Middle East                        4881127885292
Algeria                        ............   
Angola                        6         6
Benin                        ...         ...
Botswana                        ......         
Cameroon                        1         1
Chad                                       
Congo                        ...      ......
Congo Democratic Republic                                       
Cote d'Ivoire                        8......   8
Egypt                        20.........20
Ethiopia                        1         1
Gabon                        3...      3
Ghana                        8      ...8
Guinea                        ...      ...   
Iran                        ............   
Iraq                        6      ...6
Israel24631621532143154129373...1619
Jordan                        7      ...7
Kenya                        5......   5
Kuwait                        104306
Lesotho                                       
Liberia                        1      1   
Libya                                       
Malawi                                       
Mali                                       
Morocco                        7......34
Mozambique                        1      ...1
Namibia                        1         1
Niger                        .........      
Nigeria                        2063014
Oman                        2953124
Qatar                        4372531
Rwanda                        0         0
Saudi Arabia81      8181      818253868
Senegal                        4         4
Seychelles                        0         0
South Africa            232412217038731120
Sudan                        ...      ......
Tanzania                        1         1
Tunisia                        75...   2
Uganda                                       
United Arab Emirates                        13871614027
Yemen                                       
Zambia                        4         4
Zimbabwe                        .........      
Developing Asia and Pacific                        808425245199184
Armenia                        1         1
Azerbaijan                        81161
Bangladesh                        0      0   
Brunei                                       
China12,9074,8863,0384,98312,4794,6902,9894,799218163843520
Chinese Taipei            365571241841713124...
Fiji                        0      ...0
French Polynesia                        ...         ...
Georgia                        21111
India            857      85746199260
Indonesia            22036181661272712673
Kazakhstan                        28541211
Korea            1,691539533619196133110567
Kyrgyz Republic                                       
Laos                        3      12
Malaysia382451601773453613517448391545
Marshall Islands                        113   9   
Mongolia                        71105
Myanmar                        0      0   
Nauru                        ...         ...
New Caledonia                                       
North Korea                                       
Pakistan            99      9982   ...6
Papua New Guinea                        1      ...1
Philippines13761511691      9151106834
Sri Lanka                        1400014
Tajikistan                        1         1
Thailand4051579815039115189150177210...
Turkmenistan                                       
Uzbekistan                        ...         ...
Vietnam                        30...12
Developing Europe                        43311410353266
Albania                        2         2
Belarus                        4......03
Bulgaria141212            90018
Croatia3602331901181600214
Czech Republic2061211669            2787128
Hungary113921029161842664119
Moldova                        ...         ...
Montenegro                        2         2
North Macedonia                        2         2
Poland3073730241            75119162
Romania                        2500...25
Russia44612816715129785981159228222737
Serbia                        4......   4
Turkey2445681801281521111416058973
Ukraine                        911...8
Developing Latin America & Caribbean                        84212172318403
Argentina24128181941000   1001233218102
Belize                        ......      ...
Bolivia                        400   4
Brazil            2,1315251831,42311839273246
Chile2491057174            7912115116
Colombia            93   192561171430
Costa Rica                        71124
Cuba                        .........      
Dominican Republic                        1610115
Ecuador                        17......116
El Salvador                        70...06
Grenada                        .........   ...
Guatemala                        51113
Haiti                        ...      ...   
Honduras                        20      2
Jamaica                        10...   36
Mexico            55615845353271371716173
Nicaragua                        .........      
Paraguay                        40003
Peru681119394612529541361624
St. Lucia                        .........      
Surinam                        1...      1
Trinidad and Tobago                        5......32
Turks and Caicos Islands                        0      0...
Uruguay                        200......20
Venezuela                        451...1529
International organisations                        1,705......