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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
As a percentage of GDP
1G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.
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Year Quarter
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 Q2 16 Q3 16 Q4 16 Q1 17 Q2 17
     Australia28.430.134.637.139.239.140.539.239.840.1
     Austria92.689.196.895.296.499.797.696.493.492.1
     Belgium116.4114.6126.2123.1124.2131.1130.1124.2123.9121.0
     Canada77.273.074.178.179.281.081.979.278.579.5
     Chile13.914.517.819.723.421.923.323.423.725.6
     Czech Republic49.449.248.245.141.244.142.941.244.043.0
     Denmark53.148.951.145.544.648.647.944.643.443.1
     Finland58.759.166.368.968.868.568.068.867.866.0
     France99.899.8108.4108.5111.0115.2114.9111.0111.4111.8
     Germany86.781.781.977.675.078.677.975.073.172.3
     Greece152.6169.7173.1172.7175.7175.4172.4175.7173.1172.9
     Hungary80.879.483.383.683.083.383.583.082.881.5
     Ireland124.5127.2117.385.380.383.283.980.380.880.0
     Israel73.972.272.570.868.371.769.968.367.667.5
     Italy130.7138.6150.9152.3150.6156.6154.1150.6149.6150.6
     Japan197.7203.0210.9208.4213.7219.0216.8213.7212.9213.5
     Korea33.435.238.240.139.942.541.939.940.540.4
     Luxembourg23.024.124.523.722.724.123.822.725.624.9
     Netherlands73.572.476.972.670.874.071.870.867.466.4
     Norway30.230.428.233.036.436.335.936.437.836.5
     Poland57.758.454.354.256.656.756.156.656.055.7
     Portugal126.2130.7141.0140.3137.8140.4141.6137.8138.2141.5
     Spain86.299.9112.8111.2111.8114.4115.0111.8111.3111.7
     Sweden40.842.748.946.945.446.945.445.444.443.1
     Switzerland34.333.034.434.033.533.833.633.533.533.4
     Turkey35.831.630.629.128.427.927.928.428.928.8
     United Kingdom97.693.8104.8103.8115.0114.2117.6115.0114.4112.0
     United States102.699.0101.199.8100.6103.3103.2100.699.198.0
     Euro area98.299.5105.8103.3102.5106.5105.6102.5101.5101.2
 Memo:
     Euro area98.299.5105.8103.3102.5106.5105.6102.5101.5101.2
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at market exchange rates  1
     G20 (aggregate)85.182.681.784.786.392.292.286.387.288.5
     All reporting economies82.379.878.781.983.589.289.283.584.485.7
     Advanced economies106.4104.1102.0105.8105.6114.4113.9105.6106.5108.6
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at PPP exchange rates  1
     G20 (aggregate)73.773.376.076.177.478.678.677.476.676.4
     All reporting economies71.671.373.874.175.376.576.475.374.674.4
     Advanced economies106.8106.1110.5108.8110.3113.6113.1110.3109.4108.7