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Exchange-traded futures and options, by location of exchange
Notional principal, in billions of US dollars
«  Q1 2022 › »
Open interest Daily average turnover
Dec 2020 Dec 2021 Mar 2022 2020 2021 Nov 2021 Dec 2021 Jan 2022 Feb 2022 Mar 2022
Futures
All markets28,99534,12940,7375,4155,8637,1285,0167,52110,4319,613
Interest rate28,66833,81640,4015,2815,7236,9944,8787,39610,2899,443
short-term26,28731,14237,7124,5074,8365,9014,1916,5928,9698,417
long-term2,3812,6742,6897748871,0936878041,3201,025
Foreign exchange326313336133140133138125142170
North America18,83923,51830,6453,6913,8405,2783,6425,7717,5347,259
Interest rate18,64423,31830,4503,6213,7695,2093,5635,7097,4637,163
short-term17,19321,65328,7773,1753,2634,4783,2245,2266,6076,633
long-term1,4511,6651,672446506731339484855529
Foreign exchange19519919570717079627196
Europe8,0658,5847,9651,4611,7541,6031,1301,5192,6162,015
Interest rate8,0538,5727,9511,4571,7501,5971,1251,5142,6112,013
short-term7,4477,8907,2581,2181,4661,3198781,2812,2431,641
long-term606681693239284278247233367371
Foreign exchange1212144455552
Asia and Pacific1,2521,2001,266180170163165147192231
Interest rate1,2211,1691,231164154147149131172209
short-term90384991575576348457684
long-term3183203158997841018696124
Foreign exchange31303516161715161922
Other Markets839828861829984808489108
Interest rate75075777139504241424358
short-term74474976239504141414358
long-term7890000100
Foreign exchange89719143484239424649
Options
All markets36,95545,96153,9251,4141,5231,9461,2852,0212,3152,279
Interest rate36,83145,82653,7921,4031,5091,9311,2692,0032,2942,260
short-term36,27845,25952,9991,3081,3931,7921,1691,8682,1502,092
long-term55356879495116138100135144168
Foreign exchange12413513311141516182119
North America23,71330,05736,9071,1131,1351,5521,0291,5751,5531,637
Interest rate23,65129,98036,8191,1081,1311,5471,0261,5701,5481,633
short-term23,33429,62536,2881,0341,0411,4369481,4661,4461,509
long-term317355531749111177105102124
Foreign exchange6278884444454
Europe12,11215,06516,447279367382230417737617
Interest rate12,11115,06316,446279367382230417737617
short-term11,88014,85116,186259342355208387696574
long-term23121226020252722304143
Foreign exchange1210000000
Asia and Pacific877691012131614
Interest rate4111110011
short-term0000000000
long-term4111110011
Foreign exchange465581011121513
Other Markets1,122832564171221416910
Interest rate1,06578352615101131589
short-term1,06478252515101131589
long-term1010000000
Foreign exchange5750382211111