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Exchange-traded futures and options, by location of exchange
Notional principal, in billions of US dollars
«  Q1 2023  »
Open interest Daily average turnover
Dec 2021 Dec 2022 Mar 2023 2021 2022 Nov 2022 Dec 2022 Jan 2023 Feb 2023 Mar 2023
Futures
All markets34,13036,54034,2885,8638,0457,6316,3177,71510,97913,873
Interest rate33,81836,22033,9675,7237,8927,4806,1637,59010,88613,701
short-term31,14433,60731,2044,8366,9526,4845,4466,8529,63812,467
long-term2,6742,6132,7638879409967177391,2491,234
Foreign exchange31332032114015315115412592173
North America23,51928,14426,3493,8405,8985,7664,4465,4988,16210,582
Interest rate23,32027,95526,1523,7695,8205,6974,3605,4388,09610,479
short-term21,65526,22724,3223,2635,2645,0173,9945,0247,2579,793
long-term1,6651,7281,830506555681366414839686
Foreign exchange199189197717968866066103
Europe8,5846,3725,7471,7541,8481,5281,5871,9282,5322,884
Interest rate8,5726,3615,7351,7501,8461,5271,5861,9282,5322,883
short-term7,8905,7175,1531,4661,5551,3081,3231,6792,2132,443
long-term681644582284291219263248319439
Foreign exchange1211124101001
Asia and Pacific1,2001,1641,336170198216191194240286
Interest rate1,1691,1351,299154174185166172218262
short-term8499039555782897897128155
long-term320233344979395877691108
Foreign exchange30293716243125222224
Other Markets82886185799101122939545121
Interest rate75776978150527150524076
short-term74976077350517050514076
long-term8980000100
Foreign exchange7192764849514243545
Options
All markets45,96144,10159,3521,5231,8051,8061,6292,3503,0273,744
Interest rate45,82643,97459,2101,5091,7861,7821,6082,3263,0053,720
short-term45,25943,34358,5161,3931,6591,6781,4782,2042,8463,544
long-term568631694116127104130122159177
Foreign exchange13512714214192421242224
North America30,05731,97044,7851,1351,3161,4891,3271,9102,6013,187
Interest rate29,98031,88844,6961,1311,3111,4841,3231,9062,5963,182
short-term29,62531,48544,2051,0411,2121,3951,2331,8112,4653,039
long-term3554034919199898995130142
Foreign exchange7882894454456
Europe15,06511,65913,701367466288261401385507
Interest rate15,06311,65913,701367466288261401385507
short-term14,85111,49513,499342440274237374357474
long-term21216420225261424272834
Foreign exchange2000000000
Asia and Pacific77299151732191517
Interest rate164112017000
short-term0000000000
long-term164112017000
Foreign exchange6888131715191516
Other Markets832401858128129202733
Interest rate78336481210798192431
short-term78236381210798192431
long-term0100000000
Foreign exchange5037452131122