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Exchange-traded futures and options, by location of exchange
Notional principal, in billions of US dollars
«  Q2 2023  »
Open interest Daily average turnover
Dec 2022 Mar 2023 Jun 2023 2021 2022 Feb 2023 Mar 2023 Apr 2023 May 2023 Jun 2023
Futures
All markets36,54034,28837,2795,8638,04510,97913,8737,5269,8569,240
Interest rate36,22033,96736,9515,7237,89210,88613,7017,4059,7249,090
short-term33,60731,20433,7764,8366,9529,63812,4676,6738,5538,152
long-term2,6132,7633,1758879401,2491,2347311,172938
Foreign exchange32032132814015392173122131150
North America28,14426,34927,5473,8405,8988,16210,5825,5727,5536,909
Interest rate27,95526,15227,3483,7695,8208,09610,4795,5127,4876,818
short-term26,22724,32225,1193,2635,2647,2579,7935,1046,6856,349
long-term1,7281,8302,229506555839686408801469
Foreign exchange189197199717966103606692
Europe6,3725,7476,6041,7541,8482,5322,8841,6531,9791,955
Interest rate6,3615,7356,5961,7501,8462,5322,8831,6531,9781,954
short-term5,7175,1535,9991,4661,5552,2132,4431,4061,6931,606
long-term644582597284291319439247285348
Foreign exchange111284101001
Asia and Pacific1,1641,3361,317170198240286196210276
Interest rate1,1351,2991,284154174218262176189254
short-term9039559425782128155101103133
long-term2333443429793911087585121
Foreign exchange29373316242224202122
Other Markets8618571,812991014512110511499
Interest rate7697811,72350524076637164
short-term7607731,71750514076637064
long-term9860000100
Foreign exchange9276894849545424334
Options
All markets44,10159,35249,0481,5231,8053,0273,7441,9042,1961,888
Interest rate43,97459,21048,9291,5091,7863,0053,7201,8832,1751,867
short-term43,34358,51648,4611,3931,6592,8463,5441,7722,0511,765
long-term631694468116127159177111124102
Foreign exchange12714211914192224212121
North America31,97044,78534,9971,1351,3162,6013,1871,5581,8611,567
Interest rate31,88844,69634,9191,1311,3112,5963,1821,5541,8571,562
short-term31,48544,20534,5511,0411,2122,4653,0391,4591,7491,475
long-term40349136891991301429510887
Foreign exchange8289784456445
Europe11,65913,70112,623367466385507304289271
Interest rate11,65913,70112,623367466385507304289271
short-term11,49513,49912,524342440357474288273257
long-term1642029925262834161615
Foreign exchange0000000000
Asia and Pacific729109151517161516
Interest rate64101200000
short-term0000000000
long-term64101200000
Foreign exchange8898131516161515
Other Markets4018581,4191282733263134
Interest rate3648121,3871072431243033
short-term3638121,3861072431243033
long-term1010000000
Foreign exchange3745322122211