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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: Euro
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2021  »
Amount outstanding (EUR bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 21 Q3 21 Q4 21 Q2 21 Q3 21 Q4 21
Borrowers outside the euro area3,5823,6813,7434.27.88.9
Of which: emerging market economies7907998112.03.03.6
Africa and Middle East1521521618.95.89.1
Saudi Arabia77657.062.639.4
South Africa332-29.7-40.0-42.3
Emerging Asia and Pacific1591551597.00.20.1
China41414210.414.7-1.0
Chinese Taipei55623.5-3.6-1.5
India131312-0.90.9-0.4
Indonesia2625258.73.11.7
Korea1415179.29.125.0
Malaysia1117.27.911.2
Emerging Europe3853953951.04.93.7
Russia605959-1.20.0-2.8
Turkey1051051014.17.15.6
Latin America949696-10.7-3.90.6
Argentina191919-13.5-0.1-0.2
Brazil999-35.1-35.3-28.3
Chile11141415.043.642.3
Mexico424241-11.2-9.5-4.7
By instrument
Borrowers outside the euro area3,5823,6813,7434.27.88.9
Bank loans1,5251,5551,577-0.51.95.0
Debt securities issues2,0572,1262,1658.012.612.0
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,4081,4791,50712.119.116.6
Of which: emerging market economies7907998112.03.03.6
Bank loans478476487-2.1-2.80.6
Debt securities issues3113233259.012.88.5
Of which: non-financial borrowers2953073088.713.18.7
Memo: Borrowers in the euro area
Non-financial borrowers32,76933,05233,1624.83.53.5
Of which: government13,72713,84913,7596.93.11.9
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.