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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: Euro
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q1 2023  »
Amount outstanding (EUR bn) Annual change (%)
Q3 22 Q4 22 Q1 23 Q3 22 Q4 22 Q1 23
Borrowers outside the euro area3,9453,9794,0258.87.75.6
Of which: emerging market economies9229039098.14.23.7
Africa and Middle East1701741799.86.78.4
Saudi Arabia666-14.23.50.3
South Africa234-12.514.429.4
Emerging Asia and Pacific27325425412.12.21.9
China4541419.2-1.0-1.8
Chinese Taipei222-60.7-70.1-55.4
India1313133.54.55.5
Indonesia2626265.53.60.8
Korea19191927.211.610.0
Malaysia11117.26.35.2
Emerging Europe3723663727.25.85.1
Russia313029-9.7-10.1-14.6
Türkiye969494-4.2-3.5-6.2
Latin America107108104-0.4-0.3-3.5
Argentina191918-1.7-1.8-8.3
Brazil91111-0.821.726.5
Chile141414-0.50.3-2.4
Mexico403835-3.3-6.3-12.7
By instrument
Borrowers outside the euro area3,9453,9794,0258.87.75.6
Bank loans1,6531,6621,6238.87.91.9
Debt securities issues2,2922,3172,4028.77.58.3
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,6261,6491,72911.210.111.0
Of which: emerging market economies9229039098.14.23.7
Bank loans58957157211.86.34.6
Debt securities issues3333323372.10.72.3
Of which: non-financial borrowers3043023071.50.21.6
Memo: Borrowers in the euro area
Non-financial borrowers32,28732,23232,496-1.5-2.3-1.2
Of which: government12,66612,53612,852-9.9-10.3-6.2
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.