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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2019  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 19 Q3 19 Q4 19 Q2 19 Q3 19 Q4 19
Borrowers outside the United States11,81811,99912,1103.44.94.3
Of which: emerging market economies4,6564,7204,7951.02.84.3
Africa and Middle East9781,0271,0659.911.613.4
Saudi Arabia12912813626.522.924.9
South Africa4247465.08.97.2
Emerging Asia and Pacific2,1522,1642,204-1.31.43.3
China481474484-5.7-2.63.0
Chinese Taipei555655-8.5-9.7-7.3
India11512212812.516.721.7
Indonesia1691741764.16.44.0
Korea1271271292.91.24.2
Malaysia4238382.5-4.9-7.1
Emerging Europe408408399-9.7-8.1-5.4
Russia156157154-14.5-11.3-5.8
Turkey1791801772.64.24.6
Latin America1,1181,1211,1272.72.72.4
Argentina116114111-4.7-7.1-8.0
Brazil180179176-1.8-1.1-1.5
Chile1101121138.110.59.3
Mexico2812892886.99.27.3
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,81811,99912,1103.44.94.3
Bank loans5,8015,8725,8763.65.22.2
Debt securities issues6,0176,1286,2343.24.76.4
Of which: non-financial borrowers3,0513,0933,1181.53.63.9
Of which: emerging market economies4,6564,7204,7951.02.84.3
Bank loans2,7542,7532,781-1.6-0.91.0
Debt securities issues1,9021,9672,0134.98.49.2
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,5511,6021,6394.78.39.2
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers52,45953,31353,8054.14.64.6
Of which: government21,36521,84722,1504.35.45.6
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.