> GLI > Table E2-USD > Change measure  EUR JPY  Structure Help
Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q1 2018  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18 Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18
Borrowers outside the United States11,11711,21611,4225.97.16.5
Of which: emerging market economies3,5203,5793,6696.87.78.5
Africa and Middle East70275678317.815.919.3
Saudi Arabia9410811275.629.034.4
South Africa38383834.717.215.2
Emerging Asia and Pacific1,3651,3811,4147.49.48.7
China5275285475.18.27.8
Chinese Taipei60616222.319.816.7
India101103103-0.71.11.5
Indonesia16116516611.212.911.1
Korea116116119-0.41.52.2
Malaysia3939415.71.17.7
Emerging Europe491481474-6.9-4.9-5.7
Russia213202189-10.3-11.0-8.4
Turkey1911951982.86.57.1
Latin America9629629986.96.48.2
Argentina11311713048.549.942.0
Brazil181182185-4.5-4.2-3.3
Chile96971008.511.213.5
Mexico2592552654.34.49.1
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,11711,21611,4225.97.16.5
Bank loans5,4715,4505,5571.83.43.3
Debt securities issues5,6465,7665,86510.210.89.7
Of which: non-financial borrowers2,9482,9993,03910.18.97.9
Of which: emerging market economies3,5203,5793,6696.87.78.5
Bank loans2,0422,0442,0860.42.23.8
Debt securities issues1,4791,5351,58217.116.115.3
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,2791,3241,36017.415.314.1
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers48,08348,45449,1933.53.94.7
Of which: government19,63519,71720,2503.13.15.6
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.