> GLI > Table E2-USD > Change measure  EUR JPY  Structure Help
Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q1 2018  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18 Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18
Borrowers outside the United States11,01311,11511,3485.16.45.9
Of which: emerging market economies3,4593,5163,5945.87.07.8
Africa and Middle East67172375214.314.619.5
Saudi Arabia79909347.926.632.8
South Africa37373735.917.715.7
Emerging Asia and Pacific1,3391,3521,3797.18.87.8
China5095065234.87.26.6
Chinese Taipei60616222.620.116.9
India101103103-0.71.11.3
Indonesia15616016010.812.49.9
Korea116116119-0.51.52.0
Malaysia3939415.71.17.6
Emerging Europe501490483-7.0-5.0-6.1
Russia228216202-10.2-10.8-9.0
Turkey1891931962.96.67.1
Latin America9489519816.06.17.4
Argentina10711112442.544.738.5
Brazil182183185-4.0-3.5-2.8
Chile9496987.29.912.1
Mexico2542512604.34.59.1
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,01311,11511,3485.16.45.9
Bank loans5,4705,4615,5941.43.22.9
Debt securities issues5,5435,6545,7549.09.89.0
Of which: non-financial borrowers2,8892,9352,9738.77.87.1
Of which: emerging market economies3,4593,5163,5945.87.07.8
Bank loans2,0422,0502,0840.52.43.7
Debt securities issues1,4161,4661,51014.414.214.0
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,2431,2851,32014.213.513.0
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers48,08448,61349,4223.54.25.0
Of which: government19,63719,74520,3192.93.15.7
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.