> GLI > Table E2-USD > Change measure  EUR JPY  Structure Help
Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q1 2018  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18 Q3 17 Q4 17 Q1 18
Borrowers outside the United States11,07711,18011,3755.56.96.2
Of which: emerging market economies3,4973,5603,6426.07.48.1
Africa and Middle East68173376215.015.319.3
Saudi Arabia79909347.926.632.8
South Africa37373735.917.715.7
Emerging Asia and Pacific1,3541,3731,4007.19.28.2
China5225255424.88.37.5
Chinese Taipei60616222.620.116.9
India101103103-0.61.21.4
Indonesia15816216210.712.29.8
Korea116116119-0.41.52.0
Malaysia3939415.71.17.6
Emerging Europe507497489-6.5-4.5-5.5
Russia234222208-9.1-9.7-7.9
Turkey1891931962.96.67.1
Latin America9549579916.26.18.0
Argentina10711112442.544.738.5
Brazil181182185-4.5-4.3-2.7
Chile9496987.09.712.1
Mexico2582552654.34.49.0
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,07711,18011,3755.56.96.2
Bank loans5,4705,4615,5571.73.53.1
Debt securities issues5,6075,7185,8189.510.29.2
Of which: non-financial borrowers2,9252,9723,0119.08.27.4
Of which: emerging market economies3,4973,5603,6426.07.48.1
Bank loans2,0422,0502,0880.52.33.9
Debt securities issues1,4551,5091,55315.015.114.4
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,2651,3081,34315.014.213.2
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers48,08648,60049,3953.64.25.0
Of which: government19,63119,73920,3133.03.15.7
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.