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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: Euro
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2018  »
Amount outstanding (EUR bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18 Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18
Borrowers outside the euro area3,0993,1703,1955.47.47.7
Of which: emerging market economies65768169410.612.79.8
Africa and Middle East9510610912.821.921.4
Saudi Arabia1119.4-34.7-47.5
South Africa666-14.9-12.5-14.3
Emerging Asia and Pacific11412113020.619.016.0
China26282821.722.53.0
Chinese Taipei111-4.6-1.48.2
India99911.416.516.6
Indonesia18182027.97.726.2
Korea88814.17.510.9
Malaysia11129.954.457.0
Emerging Europe3513573567.69.75.5
Russia444750-1.51.44.7
Turkey1001071106.57.52.0
Latin America9898989.07.66.8
Argentina22222217.715.60.5
Brazil111212-1.5-0.210.3
Chile66619.318.416.7
Mexico4847475.63.66.1
By instrument
Borrowers outside the euro area3,0993,1703,1955.47.47.7
Bank loans1,4021,4301,4465.88.910.5
Debt securities issues1,6961,7401,7495.16.25.6
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,1011,1341,1386.17.57.3
Of which: emerging market economies65768169410.612.79.8
Bank loans42945446010.914.711.2
Debt securities issues22822823410.18.87.1
Of which: non-financial borrowers21421322010.08.47.7
Memo: Borrowers in the euro area
Non-financial borrowers28,76628,80128,8262.12.11.7
Of which: government11,31911,25411,284-0.1-0.5-0.1
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.