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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2018  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18 Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18
Borrowers outside the United States11,43911,44511,4825.63.52.7
Of which: emerging market economies3,6553,6403,6317.34.42.0
Africa and Middle East80081082720.718.512.9
Saudi Arabia10210410930.531.720.9
South Africa40444319.217.517.6
Emerging Asia and Pacific1,4021,3861,3767.23.20.2
China5295054883.3-0.9-7.0
Chinese Taipei60625912.54.3-2.9
India1001021033.70.8-0.1
Indonesia1671671759.26.88.5
Korea1231261247.59.16.9
Malaysia4140414.14.76.6
Emerging Europe468460438-8.3-9.3-11.9
Russia195188172-11.9-12.9-15.1
Turkey1941841794.34.7-0.6
Latin America9859859906.33.23.4
Argentina12312412121.015.99.0
Brazil1821801770.0-0.5-2.7
Chile10110110314.17.27.3
Mexico2652672728.53.46.3
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,43911,44511,4825.63.52.7
Bank loans5,5455,5255,5562.81.31.7
Debt securities issues5,8955,9205,9268.45.63.6
Of which: non-financial borrowers3,0493,0313,0466.93.62.5
Of which: emerging market economies3,6553,6403,6317.34.42.0
Bank loans2,0622,0512,0093.10.9-2.1
Debt securities issues1,5931,5891,62313.29.37.5
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,3781,3741,39712.08.66.9
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers50,29350,79351,2195.75.65.3
Of which: government20,60120,78620,9476.05.96.1
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.