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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2018  »
Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18 Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18
Borrowers outside the United States11,41911,42411,4625.63.52.8
Of which: emerging market economies3,6323,6173,6087.34.42.0
Africa and Middle East80081182820.718.612.9
Saudi Arabia10210510930.531.720.8
South Africa40444319.217.517.6
Emerging Asia and Pacific1,4021,3861,3767.23.20.3
China5285054873.1-1.0-7.0
Chinese Taipei60625912.54.3-2.9
India1001021033.70.8-0.1
Indonesia1681681769.97.49.1
Korea1231261247.59.16.9
Malaysia4140414.14.76.6
Emerging Europe445436415-8.9-10.0-12.7
Russia172164149-13.7-14.9-17.5
Turkey1941841794.34.7-0.6
Latin America9849849906.23.13.4
Argentina12312412121.015.99.0
Brazil182180177-0.1-0.7-2.8
Chile10110110314.17.27.3
Mexico2652672728.53.46.3
By instrument
Borrowers outside the United States11,41911,42411,4625.63.52.8
Bank loans5,5445,5245,5562.81.31.8
Debt securities issues5,8755,8995,9068.45.63.7
Of which: non-financial borrowers3,0393,0223,0396.83.62.6
Of which: emerging market economies3,6323,6173,6087.34.42.0
Bank loans2,0612,0512,0093.10.9-2.1
Debt securities issues1,5711,5671,60013.39.37.6
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,3551,3511,37412.18.77.0
Memo: Borrowers in the United States
Non-financial borrowers50,22550,77751,1985.65.65.3
Of which: government20,54120,79020,9405.95.96.1
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.