> GLI > Table E2-EUR > Change measure   JPY USD Structure Help
Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: Euro
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
«  Q4 2023 › »
Amount outstanding (EUR bn) Annual change (%)
Q2 23 Q3 23 Q4 23 Q2 23 Q3 23 Q4 23
Borrowers outside the euro area4,0614,0974,1284.53.93.8
Of which: emerging market economies889893895-1.6-3.1-0.8
Africa and Middle East1811761828.73.54.7
Saudi Arabia6774.46.47.0
South Africa33327.541.118.0
Emerging Asia and Pacific241246238-7.8-10.0-6.4
China394036-8.3-11.0-11.9
Chinese Taipei121-42.8-15.6-19.3
India1313122.73.4-4.8
Indonesia232324-9.9-9.8-8.0
Korea1921215.17.49.2
Malaysia111-4.2-6.8-5.2
Emerging Europe361368372-2.3-0.91.5
Russia292725-12.6-11.2-16.9
Türkiye878887-11.0-8.4-7.5
Latin America1051031030.0-3.9-4.3
Argentina181717-8.4-8.7-8.5
Brazil11111134.624.95.9
Chile1414140.15.55.3
Mexico363535-6.5-12.9-8.7
By instrument
Borrowers outside the euro area4,0614,0974,1284.53.93.8
Bank loans1,6091,6111,618-1.4-2.5-2.7
Debt securities issues2,4522,4862,5118.88.58.4
Of which: non-financial borrowers1,7771,8081,83112.411.211.0
Of which: emerging market economies889893895-1.6-3.1-0.8
Bank loans556554551-3.0-5.8-3.5
Debt securities issues3333393441.01.73.8
Of which: non-financial borrowers3033083140.51.43.8
Memo: Borrowers in the euro area
Non-financial borrowers32,64832,57033,2930.50.63.2
Of which: government12,93712,78513,386-1.20.96.8
 1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.