T7: Participation in major payment systems Source
(units; end of year)
Year
«  2018  »
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Large-value payment systems
BOJ-NET
Total number of participants538536534530526
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants538536534530526
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks456454452449446
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems3838383838
Other4444444342
Indirectly connected participants00000
FXYCS
Total number of participants202201201202201
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants2827272727
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks2726262626
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems11111
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants174174174175174
Retail and fast payment systems
Zengin System
Total number of participants1,3401,3221,2961,2871,274
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants143145145145144
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks143145145145144
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems00000
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants1,1971,1771,1511,1421,130
Retail payment systems
Tokyo Clearing House
Total number of participants315312305304303
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants106106106106105
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks105105105105104
Central bank11111
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems00000
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants209206199198198
Source: Japanese Bankers Association; Japanese Banks Payment Clearing Network; Bank of Japan.