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Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in millions of US dollars
«  2010  »
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
Total, "net-net" basis3,972,8111,489,081474,6941,759,15442,780206,952
By currency
US dollar3,371,3541,186,862391,3111,594,93738,252159,992
Euro1,551,089690,120149,432607,35217,66186,524
Yen754,286299,982115,084278,2116,57754,431
Pound (sterling)511,653212,76154,811221,6022,57519,905
Australian dollar301,339111,01628,826140,5275,64915,321
Canadian dollar209,87777,76826,32096,8592,8396,090
Swiss franc250,45491,70918,939124,8061,68113,319
Renminbi34,2568,12314,2436,825654,999
Other currencies961,314299,821150,421447,18810,26253,322
By counterparty
With reporting dealers1,544,726517,582112,556834,21420,01660,299
Local472,237176,00328,644240,8725,91820,800
Cross-border1,072,430341,57983,912593,34214,09739,500
With other financial institutions1,896,153754,566254,066754,89319,255113,372
Local689,579301,18599,064220,6247,48861,218
Cross-border1,206,574453,381155,002534,27011,76752,155
Non-reporting banks..................
Institutional investors..................
Hedge funds and PTFs..................
Official sector..................
Other..................
Undistributed..................
With non-financial customers531,841216,933108,072170,0463,50933,280
Local231,96091,40953,96271,5011,73013,358
Cross-border299,881125,52454,11198,5461,77919,922
Of which: prime brokered..................
Of which: retail-driven..................
Total, "net-gross" basis5,045,3061,830,660558,6062,352,49556,877246,452
By country
United Kingdom1,853,594696,514228,122775,38118,177135,399
United States904,357472,580116,107267,0999,09239,479
Singapore265,97790,79836,474121,99968715,941
Hong Kong SAR237,56843,78332,022147,0467,0387,654
Japan312,326101,45931,625168,2602,2368,747
Switzerland249,45357,86010,676172,880228,015
France151,62127,0549,918104,2624,0256,250
China19,7748,6043,0548,024191
Germany108,59830,1078,09463,8641,3445,189
Other countries942,038301,90182,514523,68014,25719,687