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Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in millions of US dollars
«  2013  »
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
Total, "net-net" basis5,356,5702,046,697678,9612,240,06054,003336,849
By currency
US dollar4,662,3421,691,777587,7192,039,04950,265293,533
Euro1,789,624754,317176,745770,38517,83470,343
Yen1,234,554612,385122,672335,14011,003153,354
Pound (sterling)632,908226,77269,349303,1204,70728,960
Australian dollar462,612195,98149,642183,5186,01427,457
Canadian dollar244,34793,48936,097100,9692,18811,606
Swiss franc276,43484,37026,952150,0991,41913,594
Renminbi119,56333,95028,10439,92351017,078
Other currencies1,290,754400,354260,641557,91714,06757,774
By counterparty
With reporting dealers2,072,494675,583180,5521,088,45729,02298,879
Local743,325262,51645,737382,00814,75538,309
Cross-border1,329,167413,067134,815706,44914,26760,570
With other financial institutions2,812,2431,182,875402,0511,002,03018,723206,564
Local1,242,210551,011178,337404,6355,340102,888
Cross-border1,570,032631,865223,714597,39413,383103,676
Non-reporting banks1,278,119505,64095,360606,4167,98362,721
Institutional investors605,116267,054126,783155,3411,66554,273
Hedge funds and PTFs575,646282,484115,410104,3124,01969,421
Official sector53,07711,7747,63331,4156561,600
Other243,68884,56240,95895,8764,38717,905
Undistributed56,59531,36215,9068,66914645
With non-financial customers471,834188,23996,358149,5736,25831,406
Local273,848120,38957,86577,6044,00913,981
Cross-border197,98767,85038,49371,9692,24917,425
Of which: prime brokered1,130,816769,633141,209150,1361,46168,376
Of which: retail-driven262,203107,19930,339112,7582,2099,698
Total, "net-gross" basis6,685,7372,459,764813,7762,946,50968,270397,419
By country
United Kingdom2,725,9931,031,908308,8081,126,58632,167226,524
United States1,262,799619,357227,281340,9914,39770,773
Singapore383,075103,29561,703172,7871,84343,447
Hong Kong SAR274,60551,17237,305174,1302,5289,469
Japan374,215156,63035,220169,5586,3886,419
Switzerland216,39462,76813,844131,5351698,078
France189,87837,2138,999134,9213,3575,388
China44,25123,1484,09216,6425364
Germany110,88224,1514,04279,1378842,668
Other countries1,103,646350,123112,482600,22216,53124,288