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Foreign exchange derivatives
In billions of US dollars and Herfindahl points
«  H1 2020 › »
TOT USD EUR JPY GBP CHF CAD SEK Other currencies
Notional amounts outstanding
Total foreign exchange contracts93,80182,60029,81715,59110,8554,1404,7851,73538,080
Outright forwards and forex swaps55,68849,58916,2688,3766,0472,6512,4801,08924,878
Reporting dealers17,60916,4365,0083,6461,8688467252786,410
Other financial institutions31,04427,7828,1513,8113,2361,4761,31053015,794
Central counterparties3,5093,466336612003,495
Non-financial customers7,0355,3713,1099189433294452812,674
Total including gold56,261
Currency Swaps26,23622,7529,8404,5984,0771,0271,7595677,852
Reporting dealers13,03611,8314,4222,9101,9094908301793,501
Other financial institutions10,0218,4453,8051,3251,6564186812993,414
Central counterparties15413170000...170
Non-financial customers3,1792,4761,61336351211824890937
Total options11,81810,2593,7092,617731462547795,232
Reporting dealers5,2674,5791,7131,474306239272201,934
Other financial institutions4,9244,2851,446930295196198412,456
Central counterparties1451397111780...55
Non-financial customers1,6271,394550213131287817843
Total including gold12,113
Options sold (gross basis)8,5887,3762,7042,097517341419473,675
Reporting dealers5,2544,5271,6831,491306236276191,971
Other financial institutions2,5542,20975350614594106201,275
Central counterparties7572360940   31
Non-financial customers7806402681006611378430
Total including gold8,765
Options bought (gross basis)8,4977,4622,7171,994520360399523,491
Reporting dealers5,2814,6311,7431,456305241267211,897
Other financial institutions2,3702,07669342415010292221,181
Central counterparties7067350940...25
Non-financial customers8477552811136517419413
Total including gold8,681
Total contracts including gold94,669
Gross market values
Total foreign exchange contracts2,6282,17794528532491117571,260
Outright forwards and forex swaps1,2081,038395118126424531621
Reporting dealers385345120523915149175
Other financial institutions6305441865063212115360
Central counterparties626741200050
Non-financial customers193148891524710687
Currency Swaps1,211956488119188396625540
Reporting dealers488417165545812248239
Other financial institutions4663462004372182413215
Central counterparties540000005
Non-financial customers2571931222359918586
Total options20918262471196199
Reporting dealers89812428352034
Other financial institutions79682313432145
Central counterparties220000001
Non-financial customers4133156312021
Options sold (gross basis)1531264644774171
Reporting dealers90742634452036
Other financial institutions4336128221025
Central counterparties110000000
Non-financial customers201683211011
Options bought (gross basis)1461314237774164
Reporting dealers89812428352034
Other financial institutions3732116211020
Central counterparties110000000
Non-financial customers211773111010
Total FX contracts including gold2,676
Herfindahl indices
Outright forwards, forex swaps and currency swaps491504466519518649684760
Between reporters500513486544524606669846
With non-reporters494512462501539784784768
Total options725706690725829899672960
Between reporters7136946927258229327211,011
With non-reporters7827627058078879077221,061