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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
As a percentage of GDP
«  Q3 2021 › »
Year Quarter
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Q3 20 Q4 20 Q1 21 Q2 21 Q3 21
Australia40.040.940.843.161.961.161.959.958.559.3
Austria95.689.384.082.598.793.698.799.297.194.7
Belgium123.2116.6113.8115.9136.5135.2136.5135.7131.1128.0
Canada89.686.384.886.9116.5114.9116.5111.6112.1109.4
Chile23.324.927.333.038.338.738.336.234.135.0
Czech Republic41.036.633.431.639.840.939.844.743.440.5
Denmark44.141.739.840.248.749.048.746.044.944.3
Finland68.964.963.363.774.972.374.974.673.172.0
France112.4110.5109.1111.5133.3133.0133.3133.6128.2129.7
Germany74.769.165.964.375.775.875.775.775.174.9
Greece176.5181.9189.3190.1221.1212.3221.1223.6221.3216.4
Hungary81.877.572.270.183.577.383.582.978.880.6
Ireland82.173.867.362.164.967.164.965.563.261.4
Israel67.966.464.866.979.777.079.782.180.979.4
Italy149.5146.5141.3148.4176.7172.0176.7179.2173.9172.1
Japan211.4211.0212.5216.5238.1235.8238.1236.9235.2234.3
Korea37.735.936.739.144.545.444.545.745.845.9
Luxembourg21.423.222.023.426.127.526.129.127.026.0
Netherlands70.964.259.456.262.963.462.961.961.259.4
Norway38.238.539.540.847.042.147.043.738.737.3
Poland56.552.850.847.560.659.860.662.159.758.3
Portugal136.7136.1131.0129.9151.2146.7151.2153.6148.8144.6
Spain112.0110.1108.3111.2140.0132.7140.0142.7138.8137.9
Sweden45.543.240.936.841.540.241.541.239.437.6
Switzerland30.730.828.429.231.231.031.231.130.129.8
Turkey28.228.528.931.739.340.939.337.936.735.2
United Kingdom111.2109.3105.9108.8137.0132.3137.0129.4129.5127.6
United States100.698.899.1103.6131.4128.9131.4128.0125.1121.5
Euro area102.698.595.296.0113.2111.5113.2113.9111.1110.4
Memo:
Euro area102.698.595.296.0113.2111.5113.2113.9111.1110.4
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at market exchange rates  1
G20 (aggregate)86.989.485.690.4112.7108.3112.7107.3104.9101.6
All reporting economies84.086.582.687.4109.0104.5109.0103.7101.498.1
Advanced economies105.6108.5103.8108.8135.7131.2135.7128.5125.2121.2
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at PPP exchange rates  1
G20 (aggregate)79.679.078.881.397.195.197.195.894.192.8
All reporting economies77.276.576.378.794.292.294.293.291.490.2
Advanced economies109.8107.1105.8108.3131.1128.7131.1129.7127.0124.6
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.