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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
As a percentage of GDP
«  Q4 2018 › »
Year Quarter
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 Q4 17 Q1 18 Q2 18 Q3 18 Q4 18
Australia29.934.536.939.039.939.940.139.839.639.8
Austria89.196.995.595.788.788.787.086.584.683.3
Belgium114.6127.0123.4124.5118.1118.1119.8119.5118.0116.2
Canada82.883.187.388.384.884.883.884.082.784.2
Chile14.517.819.723.324.824.824.625.026.327.5
Czech Republic49.248.245.141.237.037.037.936.835.134.1
Denmark48.951.445.744.041.241.241.141.341.039.7
Finland59.166.368.868.765.065.063.563.461.962.4
France100.7108.2108.2112.6110.7110.7111.9111.5111.3110.0
Germany82.582.678.375.570.170.168.067.266.666.1
Greece169.9172.2171.1174.8178.7178.7179.1179.1184.8184.1
Hungary79.583.483.683.178.978.978.076.775.474.0
Ireland127.4116.885.181.074.374.374.774.273.569.0
Israel72.172.270.567.866.766.767.266.166.365.2
Italy138.6150.9152.2149.8147.3147.3149.9144.3141.6142.5
Japan203.1211.1208.2214.4213.5213.5213.1213.2211.3214.6
Korea35.238.240.340.038.138.138.539.239.138.9
Luxembourg24.124.623.922.524.424.423.623.422.822.5
Netherlands72.276.772.570.764.064.061.560.859.159.2
Norway30.328.432.836.336.836.838.437.435.639.8
Poland58.454.554.456.552.752.752.952.351.050.9
Portugal130.7141.1140.2136.9137.1137.1138.5136.4136.0133.3
Spain99.9112.8111.1111.7109.7109.7111.8109.8109.0107.8
Sweden42.648.846.945.643.243.240.440.840.240.8
Switzerland32.033.633.432.432.832.832.632.332.131.9
Turkey31.630.628.128.428.928.928.328.431.329.0
United Kingdom93.3104.4103.4113.9111.7111.7109.4109.3107.0108.6
United States98.4100.599.2100.398.898.899.497.997.199.2
Euro area99.9105.9103.4102.898.998.998.997.396.395.6
Memo:
Euro area99.9105.9103.4102.898.998.998.997.396.395.6
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at market exchange rates  1
G20 (aggregate)82.881.884.886.588.888.889.384.983.685.3
All reporting economies80.078.882.083.685.985.986.482.080.882.5
Advanced economies104.3102.1105.8105.8108.9108.9109.5104.3102.7104.2
Aggregates based on conversion to US dollars at PPP exchange rates  1
G20 (aggregate)73.476.076.277.476.576.576.776.476.276.7
All reporting economies71.473.974.175.374.474.474.674.374.174.6
Advanced economies106.2110.5108.9110.5108.2108.2108.8107.5106.1107.0
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.