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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q4 2020 › »
Year Quarter
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Q4 19 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20 Q4 20
Australia442480563532589589548703838922
Austria359360396370368368370415419458
Belgium554559622599623623646705729765
Canada1,2531,3351,4461,3641,5051,5051,4401,8131,8701,992
Chile445973758787789397108
Czech Republic83778881818181102100106
Denmark136132147137140140136167179187
Finland159158176169172172182197201217
France2,5922,6453,0522,9583,0593,0593,0423,3783,6093,764
Germany2,5572,4742,7252,5552,5252,5252,5372,7903,0133,135
Greece330325386389390390378393422450
Hungary99101117111113113101110117135
Ireland243233262251249249253275291297
Israel211217245232275275266298313347
Italy2,7412,6733,0542,8662,9922,9922,9003,1103,3743,583
Japan9,1809,82610,36510,75511,14011,14011,14811,61212,01712,423
Korea535545618624652652671717748790
Luxembourg13131615161616182021
Netherlands546529568526514514511568594618
Norway122137155162166166143150153188
Poland250251301287287287280342356379
Portugal275269320308313313307323349371
Spain1,3041,3151,5341,4921,5481,5481,5281,6581,7711,917
Sweden235221243220200200189208222253
Switzerland215206219208219219220235238251
Turkey225211235205229229220251248264
United Kingdom2,9052,7603,0972,9473,2413,2413,1303,4923,6523,885
United States18,09518,76319,19720,26022,06422,06423,74326,48627,06527,640
Memo  1:
Euro area11,82611,70413,28412,66512,94012,94012,83714,02915,00915,827
G20 (aggregate)52,57255,20360,44561,54865,90765,90766,91972,92876,21479,851
All reporting economies54,93157,62363,18664,26868,81368,81369,68776,02679,44683,384
Advanced economies44,46545,62248,77549,31152,26452,26453,58858,97161,33363,672
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.