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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q4 2019 › »
Year Quarter
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Q4 18 Q1 19 Q2 19 Q3 19 Q4 19
Australia454442480563532532551563570587
Austria392359360395370370367377366368
Belgium618554558622599599619642635623
Canada1,4311,2531,3351,4571,3701,3701,4301,4901,4841,515
Chile44446073767681899087
Czech Republic91837788818184868081
Denmark166136131145136136136145141138
Finland165159158176169169170179170171
France2,8262,5922,6453,0462,9522,9523,0073,1053,0373,053
Germany2,9552,6032,5142,7662,5762,5762,5552,6162,5702,564
Greece373330325386389389385392379390
Hungary10599101117111111112114109113
Ireland277243233262251251257259246244
Israel206211217245231231246255272275
Italy2,9772,7412,6733,0552,8662,8662,8542,9852,9852,992
Japan9,0409,1799,82310,36410,75210,75210,82111,24411,18911,120
Korea520535545618625625659667652657
Luxembourg15131316151515151517
Netherlands625545528567525525510531506512
Norway126122137155162162153151141166
Poland268250251301287287286294277287
Portugal296275269320308308313319310313
Spain1,4191,3041,3151,5341,4921,4921,5191,5991,5461,548
Sweden250235221243220220204202191200
Switzerland220219210224213213210213208214
Turkey268225211236206206209223218220
United Kingdom3,0002,9082,7623,0992,9492,9493,0853,0583,1253,243
United States17,64118,09918,76719,22720,34020,34020,67520,93821,99422,253
Memo  1:
Euro area13,10311,87011,74213,31612,67712,67712,73813,19312,93512,966
G20 (aggregate)53,48652,61654,78559,74860,94560,94562,25763,78364,51865,623
All reporting economies55,92354,97957,20962,49263,67063,67064,99966,58267,30268,512
Advanced economies45,49744,51845,66648,85249,41249,41250,05951,25252,03252,462
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.