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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q3 2020 › »
Year Quarter
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Q3 19 Q4 19 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20
Australia442480563532589571589548703838
Austria359360395370368366368370414419
Belgium554559622599623635623645705727
Canada1,2531,3351,4461,3641,5051,4931,5051,4511,8271,877
Chile44607376879087789295
Czech Republic8377888181808180102100
Denmark136132147137140143140136167179
Finland159158176169172170172182197201
France2,5922,6453,0522,9593,0603,0443,0603,0423,3783,610
Germany2,5562,4742,7252,5552,5252,5312,5252,5422,7953,015
Greece330325386389390379390378392422
Hungary99101117111113110113102110118
Ireland243233262251249254249253275291
Israel211217245232275272275266298313
Italy2,7412,6733,0542,8662,9922,9862,9922,9003,1093,372
Japan9,1809,82610,36510,75511,14011,20311,14011,14811,61212,017
Korea535545618624652652652671720748
Luxembourg13131615161516161820
Netherlands546529568526514508514511568594
Norway122137155162166141166143150153
Poland250251301287287277287280342356
Portugal275269320308313310313307323349
Spain1,3041,3151,5341,4921,5481,5461,5481,5281,6581,771
Sweden235221243220200191200189207222
Switzerland215206219208219213219220235238
Turkey225211236206228218228219251248
United Kingdom2,9052,7603,0972,9473,2413,1243,2413,1303,4923,652
United States18,09318,76119,19620,25722,07921,84222,07923,74026,45027,031
Memo  1:
Euro area11,82511,70313,28312,66412,94012,91312,94012,84214,03415,008
G20 (aggregate)52,56954,77859,75960,87465,32364,29565,32366,32772,28675,501
All reporting economies54,92957,19862,50163,59568,22867,09368,22869,09675,38578,734
Advanced economies44,46245,62048,77349,30852,27951,88652,27953,60058,95461,305
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.