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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q2 2020 › »
Year Quarter
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Q2 19 Q3 19 Q4 19 Q1 20 Q2 20
Australia442480563532589564571589548703
Austria359360395370368377366368370414
Belgium554559622599623641635623645705
Canada1,2531,3351,4571,3701,5131,5021,4941,5131,4491,816
Chile44607376878990877892
Czech Republic837788818186808180102
Denmark136132147137140147143140136167
Finland159158176169172179170172182197
France2,5922,6453,0522,9593,0603,1113,0443,0603,0423,378
Germany2,5552,4722,7232,5542,5242,5942,5302,5242,5442,797
Greece330325386389390392379390378392
Hungary99101117111113114109113101110
Ireland243233262251249264254249253274
Israel211217245232275255272275266298
Italy2,7412,6733,0542,8662,9922,9852,9862,9922,9003,109
Japan9,1809,82610,36510,75511,14011,25811,20311,14011,14811,589
Korea535545618624652666652652671720
Luxembourg13131615161515161618
Netherlands546529568526514533508514511568
Norway122137155162166151141166143150
Poland250251301287287294277287280342
Portugal275269320308313319310313307323
Spain1,3041,3151,5341,4921,5481,5991,5461,5481,5281,658
Sweden235221243220200201191200189207
Switzerland219210224213214213208214216222
Turkey225211236206228223218228219250
United Kingdom2,9052,7603,0972,9473,2413,0573,1243,2413,1303,492
United States18,09018,76019,22420,31422,17920,92621,96322,17923,91726,682
Memo  1:
Euro area11,82311,70213,28112,66312,93913,18412,91212,93912,84414,035
G20 (aggregate)52,56554,77559,79760,93565,43063,75064,41665,43066,50572,484
All reporting economies54,92957,19962,54363,66168,32166,55067,20268,32169,26175,560
Advanced economies44,46245,62048,81549,37452,38151,25952,00252,38153,77459,140
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.