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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q1 2021 › »
Year Quarter
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20 Q4 20 Q1 21
Australia480563532589922548703838922891
Austria360396370368458370415419458438
Belgium559622599623765646705729765731
Canada1,3351,4461,3641,5051,9871,4501,8111,8651,9871,959
Chile59737587108789397108102
Czech Republic7788818110681102100106115
Denmark132147137140187136167179187169
Finland158176169172217182197201217206
France2,6453,0522,9583,0593,7643,0423,3783,6093,7643,635
Germany2,4742,7252,5552,5253,1352,5372,7903,0133,1353,000
Greece325386389390450378393422450431
Hungary101117111113135101110117135130
Ireland233262251249296253275291296292
Israel217245232275347266298313347345
Italy2,6733,0542,8662,9923,5832,9003,1103,3743,5833,479
Japan9,82610,36610,75511,13912,42611,15011,61512,02012,42611,475
Korea545618624652790671717748790792
Luxembourg13161516211618202122
Netherlands529568527514618511567594618581
Norway137155162166187143150152187177
Poland251301287287379280342356379368
Portugal269320308313371307323349371357
Spain1,3151,5341,4921,5481,9161,5281,6581,7711,9161,850
Sweden221243220200253189208222253240
Switzerland206219208219251220235238251233
Turkey211235205229266220251248266252
United Kingdom2,7603,0972,9473,2414,0343,1293,4913,6844,0343,832
United States18,76519,19920,26222,06927,40123,73226,43126,94727,40126,855
Memo  1:
Euro area11,70413,28412,66512,94015,82612,83714,02915,00915,82615,245
G20 (aggregate)55,20460,44761,55065,91079,75966,92072,87376,12679,75977,822
All reporting economies57,62463,18864,27068,81683,29869,68875,97179,35883,29881,284
Advanced economies45,62448,77849,31352,26863,57953,58958,91661,24663,57961,185
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.