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Total credit to the government sector at market value (core debt)
In billions of USD
«  Q3 2021 › »
Year Quarter
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Q3 20 Q4 20 Q1 21 Q2 21 Q3 21
Australia491576546603940853940907907905
Austria360396370368459420459438448434
Belgium559622600623765729765731749730
Canada1,3481,4731,3921,5462,0181,9012,0181,9852,1302,080
Chile5973758710897108102101101
Czech Republic77888181106100106115119111
Denmark132147137140187179187169172168
Finland158176169172217201217206209205
France2,6453,0472,9543,0553,7633,6053,7633,6343,6703,670
Germany2,4642,7132,5432,5133,1212,9993,1212,9753,0713,037
Greece325386389390450421450430450443
Hungary101117112113135117135130135136
Ireland233262251249296291296292299292
Israel217245232275347313347345363368
Italy2,6733,0552,8662,9923,5843,3743,5843,4793,5573,475
Japan9,82610,36610,75511,13912,42612,02012,42611,44611,55311,365
Korea545618624652790748790792809783
Luxembourg13161516212021222221
Netherlands529568527514618594618581600578
Norway137155162166187152187176163163
Poland251301287287379356379368383366
Portugal269320308313371349371357362347
Spain1,3151,5341,4921,5541,9281,7821,9281,8631,9131,876
Sweden221243220200253222253236238225
Switzerland206219208220250238250233235233
Turkey211235205229266248266245251254
United Kingdom2,7603,0982,9473,2414,0323,6834,0323,8304,0133,910
United States18,81019,24320,34922,14627,46427,00527,46426,92927,32327,180
Memo  1:
Euro area11,69413,26712,64912,93015,82315,00215,82315,23215,57815,335
G20 (aggregate)55,26460,51561,66366,04179,90176,25379,90177,87879,97479,599
All reporting economies57,68463,25764,38368,94883,43979,48483,43981,34483,51083,114
Advanced economies45,68448,84649,42652,39063,68561,34563,68561,25162,41761,674
 1 G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.