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Total credit to the government sector at nominal value (core debt)
In billions of USD  1
«  Q1 2021 › »
Year Quarter
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20 Q4 20 Q1 21
Argentina287332347336349337338346349341
Australia440522490560795519628697795808
Austria312348327315387317354352387383
Belgium476544526525632539587604632630
Brazil1,4911,6451,5301,6011,4071,2341,2281,1981,4071,317
Canada1,2281,3551,2921,3901,8131,3211,6401,6921,8131,863
China5,1826,5907,1698,12010,3858,3628,7949,55410,38510,791
Colombia138154153170197153168171197181
Czech Republic68827777101769593101113
Denmark111127117117162114143153162149
Finland145166160161201170184186201194
France2,3072,7092,6502,6733,2522,6712,9543,1313,2523,212
Germany2,2902,5462,3752,3112,8542,3042,5452,7452,8542,775
Greece332381383372418361374395418404
Hong Kong SAR234241241245295239254269295296
Hungary9010710410312694102109126123
India1,5161,8151,8572,0082,2621,9422,0252,1592,2622,342
Indonesia262295305344431317368386431442
Ireland211241236229267234253266267270
Israel196219214242311239263280311312
Italy2,4092,7942,7262,7073,1582,6662,8343,0273,1583,108
Japan9,2179,78210,14610,44111,83510,49911,01711,41911,83510,975
Luxembourg12151416201617192022
Malaysia145170179194219191199210219221
Mexico361391423468488396420440488490
Netherlands462504465443534442494516534515
New Zealand59586060105547690105108
Norway134152160163184140146149184174
Poland241289276276360266316336360350
Portugal259296285281332279291313332323
Russia227246218258293216245242293293
Saudi Arabia84118149181228192204216228233
Singapore320376401477533460490504533542
South Africa170207198231267187203226267272
Spain1,1641,3731,3431,3351,6511,3421,4461,5321,6511,633
Sweden206230210189242180197211242230
Switzerland184197188197225199204212225214
Thailand125154172193235177205212235236
Turkey209232214237269236258260269261
United Kingdom2,1312,4142,3522,4973,0112,3192,5412,7463,0113,061
United States18,39318,82120,16921,27425,64021,71724,43224,97325,64025,993
Memo  1:
Euro area10,27111,79711,37811,26413,63011,24012,25713,01113,63013,402
G20 (aggregate)52,01457,18058,86261,86173,89261,70567,31470,31373,89273,675
All reporting economies54,31759,80561,48664,63877,27864,35570,25173,39677,27877,017
Advanced economies42,37345,45546,56348,15257,64248,30253,28155,35457,64256,978
Emerging market economies11,94414,35014,92316,48619,63516,05316,97018,04219,63520,039
 1 Consolidated figures for the general government sector; central government for Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.