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Total credit to the government sector at nominal value (core debt)
In billions of USD  1
«  Q3 2020 › »
Year Quarter
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Q3 19 Q4 19 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20
Argentina255287332347336325336337338335
Australia402440522490560510560519628692
Austria318312348327315306315317354351
Belgium477476544526525522525539587603
Brazil1,0861,4911,6451,5301,6011,5071,6011,2341,2281,198
Canada1,1461,2281,3551,2921,3901,3611,3901,3131,6331,686
China4,4274,7595,9066,4977,5227,0627,5227,7588,1708,888
Colombia113138154153170161170153168171
Czech Republic74688277777577769593
Denmark118111127117117115117114143153
Finland146145166160160156160170184186
France2,2882,3072,7092,6502,6742,6292,6742,6722,9543,131
Germany2,3832,2892,5452,3742,3112,2772,3112,3092,5492,746
Greece339332381383372364372361374395
Hong Kong SAR228234241241245246245239255271
Hungary89901071041039910394102110
India1,3841,5161,8151,8572,0081,9732,0081,9422,0202,149
Indonesia229262295305344332344317368386
Ireland220211241236229232229234253266
Israel190196219214242241242239263280
Italy2,4382,4092,7942,7262,7072,6582,7072,6662,8343,025
Japan8,7359,2179,78110,14610,44110,40210,44110,49511,01411,416
Luxembourg12121514161416161719
Malaysia146145170179194192194191199210
Mexico374361391423468446468396420440
Netherlands486462504465443430443442494517
New Zealand56595860605460547690
Norway118134152160163138163140146149
Poland236241289276276263276266316337
Portugal257259296285281275281279291313
Russia184227246218258255258216245242
Saudi Arabia3884118149181173181192204216
Singapore298320376401477443477460490504
South Africa134170207198231209231187203226
Spain1,1651,1641,3731,3431,3351,3111,3351,3421,4461,532
Sweden221206230210189179189179197211
Switzerland193184197188201192201205213225
Thailand122125154172193185193177206213
Turkey220209232214237234237236258260
United Kingdom2,4692,1312,4142,3522,4972,2732,4972,3202,5422,747
United States17,57718,39018,81820,16521,28420,82921,28421,72424,44924,975
Memo  1:
Euro area10,41410,27111,79711,37711,26411,07311,26411,24512,26213,010
G20 (aggregate)49,61051,58756,49258,18561,27459,61461,27461,10266,70169,614
All reporting economies51,85253,89159,11660,80964,05562,27264,05563,75969,64972,713
Advanced economies41,45042,36945,45146,55848,16647,12648,16648,30953,30255,353
Emerging market economies10,40311,52113,66514,25115,88815,14615,88815,45116,34717,360
 1 Consolidated figures for the general government sector; central government for Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.