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Total credit to the government sector at nominal value (core debt)
In billions of USD  1
«  Q3 2021 › »
Year Quarter
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Q3 20 Q4 20 Q1 21 Q2 21 Q3 21
Argentina287332347336349346349341353352
Australia451535504574811712811821839838
Austria312348327315387352387384398386
Belgium476544526525632604632630650635
Brazil1,4911,6451,5301,6011,4071,1981,4071,3171,5441,439
Canada1,2411,3821,3211,4341,8441,7301,8441,8902,0011,971
China5,1826,5907,1698,12910,4099,57410,40910,76411,30111,670
Colombia138154153170197171197190198194
Czech Republic6882777710193101113117110
Denmark111127117117162153162149153150
Finland145166160161201186201194199195
France2,3072,7042,6462,6693,2513,1263,2513,2113,2823,282
Germany2,2802,5342,3632,2992,8402,7322,8402,7502,8512,818
Greece332381383372419395419404421414
Hong Kong SAR234241241245295268295295297305
Hungary90107104103126109126123130132
India1,5161,8151,8572,0082,2722,1662,2722,3562,4072,493
Indonesia262295305344431386431442452469
Ireland211241236229267266267270279274
Israel196219214242311280311312328332
Italy2,4092,7942,7272,7073,1583,0273,1583,1093,2043,134
Japan9,2179,78210,14610,44111,83511,41911,83510,94711,04310,870
Luxembourg12151416201920222121
Malaysia145170179194219210219221231232
Mexico361391423468488440488490508513
Netherlands462504465443534516534515531512
New Zealand5958606010590105108105110
Norway134152160163183148183174161161
Poland241289276276360337360350369356
Portugal259296285281332313332323330314
Russia227246218258293242293298319327
Saudi Arabia84118149181228216228233239244
Singapore320376401477533504533542554562
South Africa170207198231267226267272289280
Spain1,1641,3731,3431,3351,6511,5321,6511,6331,6931,658
Sweden206230210189242211242227229216
Switzerland184197188197223211223211218218
Thailand125154172193235212235236242242
Turkey209231214236270259270261261272
United Kingdom2,1312,4142,3512,4973,0102,7453,0103,0593,1813,139
United States18,43818,86520,25621,34825,69925,02725,69926,06526,22726,110
Memo  1:
Euro area10,26111,78011,36211,24813,61712,99413,61713,37713,79413,584
G20 (aggregate)52,07257,24758,97561,98574,01970,42674,01973,72375,56475,354
All reporting economies54,37659,87161,59964,76277,40273,50877,40277,06678,99378,775
Advanced economies42,43345,52246,67748,26857,73155,44057,73157,02857,95057,366
Emerging market economies11,94314,34914,92216,49419,67218,06819,67220,03821,04321,409
 1 Consolidated figures for the general government sector; central government for Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.