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Total credit to the government sector at nominal value (core debt)
In billions of USD  1
«  Q4 2020 › »
Year Quarter
2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 Q4 19 Q1 20 Q2 20 Q3 20 Q4 20
Argentina255287332347336336337338346349
Australia402440522490560560519628700802
Austria318312348327315315317354352387
Belgium477476544526525525539587604632
Brazil1,0861,4911,6451,5301,6011,6011,2341,2281,1981,407
Canada1,1461,2281,3551,2921,3901,3901,3181,6341,6911,811
China4,4275,1826,5907,1698,1208,1208,3628,7949,55410,385
Colombia113138154153170170153168171193
Czech Republic746882777777769593101
Denmark118111127117117117114143153162
Finland146145166160160160170183186202
France2,2882,3072,7092,6502,6732,6732,6712,9543,1313,252
Germany2,3832,2902,5462,3752,3112,3112,3042,5452,7452,854
Greece339332381383372372361374395418
Hong Kong SAR228234241241245245239254269295
Hungary899010710410310394102109126
India1,3841,5161,8151,8572,0082,0081,9422,0252,1592,262
Indonesia229262295305344344317368386431
Ireland220211241236229229234253266268
Israel190196219214242242239263280311
Italy2,4382,4092,7942,7262,7072,7072,6662,8343,0273,158
Japan8,7359,2179,78110,14610,44110,44110,49511,01411,41611,832
Luxembourg12121514161616171920
Malaysia146145170179194194191199210219
Mexico374361391423468468396420440488
Netherlands486462504465443443442494517534
New Zealand565958606060547690105
Norway118134152160163163140146149184
Poland236241289276276276266316336359
Portugal257259296285281281279291313332
Russia184227246218258258216245242293
Saudi Arabia3884118149181181192204216228
Singapore298320376401477477460490504533
South Africa134170207198231231187203226267
Spain1,1651,1641,3731,3431,3351,3351,3421,4461,5321,651
Sweden221206230210189189180197211241
Switzerland193184197188197197199204212225
Thailand122125154172193193177205212235
Turkey220209232214237237236258260269
United Kingdom2,4692,1312,4142,3522,4972,4972,3202,5422,7472,922
United States17,57918,39218,81920,16721,27021,27021,72724,48225,00625,705
Memo  1:
Euro area10,41510,27111,79711,37811,26411,26411,24012,25713,01213,631
G20 (aggregate)49,61352,01257,17858,86161,85861,85861,70967,35770,34673,870
All reporting economies51,85554,31659,80361,48464,63464,63464,35970,29473,43077,251
Advanced economies41,45342,37245,45346,56148,14848,14848,30653,32455,38857,620
Emerging market economies10,40311,94414,35014,92316,48616,48616,05316,97118,04219,631
 1 Consolidated figures for the general government sector; central government for Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.