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Total credit to the government sector at nominal value (core debt)
In billions of USD  1
«  Q4 2019 › »
Year Quarter
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 Q4 18 Q1 19 Q2 19 Q3 19 Q4 19
Argentina256255287332347347338348325341
Australia407402440522490490498498491520
Austria340318312348327327318321306315
Belgium523477476544526526537543523525
Brazil1,3421,0861,4911,6451,5301,5301,5391,5901,5071,601
Canada1,3021,1461,2281,3701,2971,2971,3301,3781,3651,398
China4,1624,4214,7445,8696,5326,5327,0177,1697,1987,697
Colombia122113138154153153161163154160
Czech Republic80746882777780817577
Denmark143118111126117117114120114116
Finland150146145166160160157166156160
France2,4762,2882,3072,7092,6502,6502,6502,7032,6292,674
Germany2,6892,3792,2862,5412,3682,3682,3352,3552,2722,306
Greece388339332381383383379382364372
Hong Kong SAR195228234241241241230231246245
Hungary95899010710410410310599103
India1,2831,3841,4951,7641,7921,7921,8491,9051,9061,943
Indonesia210229262295305305321323332344
Ireland247220211241236236242243232229
Israel188190196219214214224230241242
Italy2,6752,4382,4092,7942,7262,7262,7142,7812,6582,707
Japan8,5998,7349,2149,78010,14210,14210,12410,46210,38810,421
Luxembourg14121215141414141416
Malaysia167146145170179179190193192194
Mexico388374361391423423435443446468
Netherlands553486462504464464447459430443
New Zealand64565958606056555460
Norway121118134152160160151149138163
Poland248236241289276276276282262276
Portugal279257259296285285286286275281
Russia213184227246218218235253255258
Saudi Arabia123884118149149157165173181
Singapore293298320376401401415422443477
South Africa161134170207198198199211209231
Spain1,2621,1651,1641,3731,3431,3431,3441,3741,3111,335
Sweden232221206230209209193190179190
Switzerland201197188201193193189192187191
Thailand120122125154172172178184185193
Turkey251220209232214214217224234238
United Kingdom2,5022,4712,1322,4152,3532,3532,3852,3492,2742,498
United States16,87317,58418,39618,84920,24720,24720,31020,22120,97321,452
Memo  1:
Euro area11,45310,41010,26711,79211,37111,37111,31511,52111,06711,259
G20 (aggregate)49,93649,60751,55256,44658,23458,23458,92559,72659,79461,507
All reporting economies52,24851,85853,86659,07760,86760,86761,56662,41362,45464,280
Advanced economies41,89841,45642,37445,49546,63946,63946,66447,13347,22948,268
Emerging market economies10,35010,40211,49213,58214,22814,22814,90315,28015,22516,011
 1 Consolidated figures for the general government sector; central government for Argentina, Indonesia, Malaysia, Mexico, Saudi Arabia and Thailand.
G20 comprises Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, the euro area, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Advanced economies comprise Australia, Canada, Denmark, the euro area, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States.
Emerging market economies comprise Argentina, Brazil, Chile, China, Colombia, the Czech Republic, Hong Kong SAR, Hungary, India, Indonesia, Israel, Korea, Malaysia, Mexico, Poland, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, Thailand and Turkey.
All reporting economies comprise the economies listed under the advanced and emerging market economies.
Where data on credit to the government sector at market value are not available, data on nominal value are used for the aggregates.