T1: Basic statistical data
(GDP: Nominal; Population: end of the year if available, otherwise average; CPI inflation: yearly averages calculated from monthly data.)
Year
«  2020 › »
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
GDP (EUR billions)10,81611,22211,60011,98311,400
Population (thousands)339,722340,489341,324342,302342,811
GDP per capita (EUR)31,83932,96033,98635,00633,256
CPI inflation (%)0.21.51.81.20.3
Exchange rate (EUR/USD)
end of year0.9490.8340.8730.8900.815
average0.9040.8870.8480.8930.877