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Exchange-traded futures and options, by location of exchange
Notional principal, in billions of US dollars
«  Q4 2019 › »
Open interest Daily average turnover
Dec 2018 Sep 2019 Dec 2019 2018 2019 Aug 2019 Sep 2019 Oct 2019 Nov 2019 Dec 2019
Futures
All markets39,12537,00435,0437,1307,0308,3227,6516,3015,3604,787
Interest rate38,86836,74534,7716,9846,9038,1867,5076,1835,2494,648
short-term35,99633,92031,9216,1376,0507,0396,6425,5074,2653,922
long-term2,8722,8262,8498478531,147866675984726
Foreign exchange257258272146127136144119111139
North America26,76426,00923,8864,8815,0976,3945,5714,7263,8173,063
Interest rate26,59625,84423,7064,7905,0226,3215,4784,6573,7592,973
short-term24,83323,96721,8004,3184,5085,4985,0314,2503,0782,623
long-term1,7631,8771,906471514823446407681350
Foreign exchange16816518091757293695890
Europe9,7858,1188,1661,9261,5641,5711,6821,2661,1971,302
Interest rate9,7808,1138,1591,9231,5621,5681,6801,2641,1951,300
short-term8,9897,4877,5161,6391,3171,3311,3961,0749821,042
long-term791626643284245237283190213258
Foreign exchange5673232222
Asia and Pacific1,7311,9261,894226265237310215230251
Interest rate1,7131,9011,868212250218293202215237
short-term1,4001,5841,575121156131158124127119
long-term3133162939194871367889118
Foreign exchange17252514151916131515
Other Markets8469501,097981031218994116171
Interest rate7798881,037596879566179139
short-term7738821,030596878566079139
long-term6670000100
Foreign exchange67636039354233343732
Options
All markets55,72472,84361,4971,8072,0942,3122,1101,9321,4491,263
Interest rate55,58572,71461,3811,7912,0812,2962,0971,9201,4371,252
short-term54,66371,74660,5911,6531,9422,1341,9321,7631,3011,132
long-term923968790138139162165157136120
Foreign exchange13912911615131514131211
North America42,09055,51845,4171,4911,7581,9721,5951,4901,2001,054
Interest rate42,02255,44545,3581,4821,7531,9651,5891,4851,1961,049
short-term41,36154,76444,7591,3831,6461,8391,4701,3641,088951
long-term6616815999910712611912010999
Foreign exchange6873598666544
Europe13,11616,41514,487294304310487405214188
Interest rate13,11516,41414,485294304310487405213188
short-term12,86116,13814,303258275277444372190170
long-term25327718236293342342418
Foreign exchange1120000000
Asia and Pacific10131088910798
Interest rate7983334343
short-term0000000000
long-term7983334343
Foreign exchange3334566455
Other Markets5088971,58314242119302613
Interest rate4418451,53112221817272311
short-term4408441,52912221817272311
long-term1120000000
Foreign exchange6751522232332