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Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in billions of US dollars
< 2016 > >|
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
 Total, "net-net" basis5,0671,6527002,37882254
 By currency
     USD - US Dollar4,4381,3856002,16074218
     EUR - Euro1,5915191788072264
     JPY - Japanese Yen1,0963951514581874
     GBP - Pound Sterling649211923051030
     AUD - Australian Dollar34814341138720
     CAD - Canadian Dollar26010534103414
     CHF - Swiss Franc243573015025
     CNY - Chinese Renminbi Yuan202682886318
     SEK - Swedish Krona11234135915
     Other currencies1,1953882324902361
 By counterparty
 With reporting dealers2,1216051891,2053884
     Local673204593741423
     Cross-border1,4474021308312461
 With other financial institutions2,5649304311,02637141
     Local9013341583441352
     Cross-border1,6645962736822489
     Non-reporting banks1,1133541365641842
     Institutional investors798290171278652
     Hedge funds and PTFs3892008266932
     Official sector7414144321
     Other182682672313
     Undistributed831400
 With non-financial institutions38211780147730
     Local224825566317
     Cross-border158352581413
     Of which: prime brokered887564119143358
     Of which: retail-driven2836022178319
 Total, "net-gross" basis6,5142,0548303,209106315
 By country
     United Kingdom2,4067842661,16153142
     United States1,272581219391774
     Singapore517122105248637
     Hong Kong SAR43792442761213
     Japan39911063206615
     France181231513724
     Switzerland15625811606
     Australia12127108131
     Germany1162368511
     Other countries909268945091622