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Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in millions of US dollars
«  2019 › »
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
Total, "net-net" basis6,595,4711,987,441999,3183,202,667108,486297,522
By currency
US dollar5,824,0361,687,179883,1192,905,785101,895246,058
Euro2,129,114615,509255,6731,141,65326,01290,267
Yen1,108,495360,221145,256515,72924,05463,234
Pound (sterling)843,698239,765108,735444,19019,07131,937
Australian dollar446,511170,02052,827186,33212,07725,254
Canadian dollar332,053121,79142,963145,7397,16814,392
Swiss franc327,02285,68336,237194,0941,9619,047
Renminbi285,03096,89635,600136,8511,56414,120
Other currencies1,894,984597,818438,227734,95923,170100,736
By counterparty
With reporting dealers2,523,141592,902267,7841,498,37155,952108,131
Local818,039201,63184,770466,79020,68844,161
Cross-border1,705,101391,271183,0141,031,58235,26563,970
With other financial institutions3,598,5111,235,512615,4311,538,51646,599162,453
Local1,838,320708,709308,869710,44912,80097,493
Cross-border1,760,191526,803306,563828,06733,79964,960
Non-reporting banks1,615,720448,235126,515967,32721,53152,112
Institutional investors776,872308,349214,863212,4098,36032,892
Hedge funds and PTFs593,020261,175153,905122,88711,46343,590
Official sector88,80517,63621,13948,457640933
Other499,332195,32295,394174,3433,85030,422
Undistributed24,7604,7933,61413,0937552,504
With non-financial customers473,784159,028116,104165,7805,93526,938
Local243,98496,11552,18977,3072,65715,716
Cross-border229,80062,91363,91588,4733,27811,222
Of which: prime brokered1,488,252918,450251,431217,531395100,445
Of which: retail-driven201,65365,61413,61896,82419225,405
Total, "net-gross" basis8,300,5862,378,7121,182,3324,234,248143,751361,493
By country
United Kingdom3,576,4091,143,755541,6291,645,69678,001167,328
United States1,370,119475,773246,079579,1556,55062,562
Singapore639,869153,86298,318335,7247,06344,890
Hong Kong SAR632,108111,70158,619417,16121,68622,934
Japan375,50597,61461,133195,2796,04915,421
Switzerland275,71964,20329,941161,1483620,389
France167,12322,86619,752117,8852,5134,083
China136,01743,3025,46684,3473442,557
Germany124,44818,9166,98295,7251,1571,668
Other countries1,003,271246,719114,412602,12820,35119,661