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Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in billions of US dollars
«  2016 › »
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
Total, "net-net" basis5,0671,6527002,37882254
By currency
US dollar4,4381,3856002,16074218
Euro1,5915191788072264
Yen1,0963951514581874
Pound (sterling)649211923051030
Australian dollar34814341138720
Canadian dollar26010534103414
Swiss franc243573015025
Renminbi202682886318
Swedish krona11234135915
Other currencies1,1953882324902361
By counterparty
With reporting dealers2,1216051891,2053884
Local673204593741423
Cross-border1,4474021308312461
With other financial institutions2,5649304311,02637141
Local9013341583441352
Cross-border1,6645962736822489
Non-reporting banks1,1133541365641842
Institutional investors798290171278652
Hedge funds and PTFs3892008266932
Official sector7414144321
Other182682672313
Undistributed831400
With non-financial institutions38211780147730
Local224825566317
Cross-border158352581413
Of which: prime brokered887564119143358
Of which: retail-driven2836022178319
Total, "net-gross" basis6,5142,0548303,209106315
By country
United Kingdom2,4067842661,16153142
United States1,272581219391774
Singapore517122105248637
Hong Kong SAR43792442761213
Japan39911063206615
France181231513724
Switzerland15625811606
Australia12127108131
Germany1162368511
Other countries909268945091622