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Total credit to non-bank borrowers by currency of denomination 1: US dollar
Bank loans and debt securities issues, by residence of non-bank borrower
1 For definitions and sources, see bis.org/statistics/gli.htm.
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Amount outstanding (USD bn) Annual change (%)
Q4 16 Q1 17 Q2 17 Q4 16 Q1 17 Q2 17
 Borrowers outside the United States10,47310,69610,8295.66.25.0
 Of which: emerging market economies3,3273,3783,4393.14.94.7
 Africa and Middle East65065368319.819.415.5
     Saudi Arabia848393105.899.880.2
     South Africa32333414.120.923.9
 Emerging Asia and Pacific1,2671,3011,316-
     Chinese Taipei51545313.410.713.4
 Emerging Europe505502493-4.8-6.2-8.0
 Latin America9059229465.96.46.2
 By instrument
 Borrowers outside the United States10,47310,69610,8295.66.25.0
     Bank loans5,2745,3785,3912.52.91.3
 Debt securities issues5,1995,3185,4379.09.89.1
     Of which: non-financial borrowers2,7502,8042,8728.78.68.4
 Of which: emerging market economies3,3273,3783,4393.14.94.7
     Bank loans2,0102,0162,004-3.6-1.7-2.3
 Debt securities issues1,3171,3621,43415.416.516.5
     Of which: non-financial borrowers1,1501,1891,25515.015.916.6
 Memo: Borrowers in the United States
 Non-financial borrowers46,74546,94747,3104.43.53.2
     Of which: government19,09118,96219,0984.82.72.2