T7: Participation in major payment systems Source
(units; end of year)
Year
«  2020 › »
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Large-value payment systems
BOJ-NET
Total number of participants534530526522519
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants534530526522519
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks452449446441437
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems3838383838
Other4443424344
Indirectly connected participants00000
FXYCS
Total number of participants201202201199197
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants2727272727
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks2626262626
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems11111
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants174175174172170
Retail and fast payment systems
Zengin System
Total number of participants1,2961,2871,2741,2281,195
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants145145144143140
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks145145144143140
Central bank00000
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems00000
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants1,1511,1421,1301,0851,055
Retail payment systems
Tokyo Clearing House
Total number of participants305304303302298
Breakdown of 'total number of participants' by directly/indirectly connected
Directly connected participants106106105105104
Breakdown of 'directly connected participants' by participant type
Banks105105104104103
Central bank11111
Government00000
Postal institution00000
Payment systems, central counterparties and securities settlement systems00000
Other00000
Indirectly connected participants199198198197194
Sources: Japanese Bankers Association; Japanese Banks Payment Clearing Network; Bank of Japan.