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Summary of debt securities outstanding
By residence and sector of issuer, amounts outstanding at end-March 2021, in billions of US dollars  1
«  Q1 2021 › »
Total debt securities Domestic debt securities International debt securities
Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government
Total Banks
All countries                        26,97818,3307,0414,3572,349
Developed countries                        18,40914,1636,0863,427818
Austria59419353348            33714410852141
Belgium84022461554            180101284930
Cyprus298021            2992416
Estonia6213            42212
Finland41922341155            226192104249
France5,4251,7948172,814            1,4721,06961939112
Germany4,2471,7502612,235            1,345957432280108
Greece125213101            743024242
Ireland98878122184            970928811823
Italy3,5657851792,601            913611278181122
Latvia130013            1410013
Lithuania240222            16......115
Luxembourg8648182917            1,0078841321203
Malta14518            2100   
Netherlands2,3861,797166424            2,2682,0007022671
Portugal3438538220            5632131114
Slovakia7213555            103334
Slovenia441142            1010...9
Spain2,2626841541,424            573492193738
Denmark84767629142699564513014311270256
Iceland            241348149814
Liechtenstein                        3320   
Norway5133219994270132469325619818858...
Sweden796628111574503201111946231115911041
Switzerland            451236841311241077016...
United Kingdom6,9892,9106263,449            3,3652,9051,43843921
Australia2,4151,1932191,0021,90786247997551480275684
Canada4,1191,6896231,8072,9691,0223511,597987534313296157
Japan13,7232,89481210,01713,2642,53971410,0115213882761277
New Zealand            104      10430181484
United States47,93615,7867,38724,560            2,4451,6425508003
Offshore centres                        3,6293,36043717594
Aruba                        222...0
Bahamas                        117423
Bahrain                        3673525
Barbados                        430   0
Bermuda                        1311122154
Cayman Islands                        2,3302,32011311...
Curacao                        111      
Gibraltar                        00...0...
Hong Kong SAR56435651157            366311160505
Lebanon            600   603522...33
Macau SAR                        323232...   
Mauritius                        118   3...
Panama                        551052124
Singapore549246151151151      1511871509637...
West Indies UK                        413381732...
Emerging market and developing economies                        3,0018075187551,438
Developing Africa and Middle East                        67612693111438
Algeria                        ............   
Angola                        8         8
Benin                        2         2
Botswana                        ......         
Cameroon                        1         1
Chad                                       
Congo                        ...      ......
Congo Democratic Republic                                       
Cote d'Ivoire                        14......   14
Egypt                        50.........50
Ethiopia                        1         1
Gabon                        40      4
Ghana                        17      ...17
Guinea                        ...      ...   
Iran                        ............   
Iraq                        5      05
Israel3533382238297336819664511741
Jordan                        7      ...7
Kenya                        6......   6
Kuwait                        127404
Lesotho                                       
Liberia                        8      8   
Libya                                       
Malawi                                       
Mali                                       
Morocco                        11......38
Mozambique                        1      ...1
Namibia                        1         1
Niger                        .........      
Nigeria                        1962013
Oman                        3953332
Qatar                        5863349
Rwanda                        0         0
Saudi Arabia134      134134      134120543083
Senegal                        4      04
Seychelles                        0         0
South Africa            30645222393453921
Sudan                        ...      ......
Tanzania                        ...         ...
Tunisia                        84...   4
Uganda                                       
United Arab Emirates                        17782733757
Yemen                                       
Zambia                        4         4
Zimbabwe                        .........      
Developing Asia and Pacific                        927452262255221
Armenia                        200   2
Azerbaijan                        51131
Bangladesh                        ...      ...   
Brunei                                       
China19,0436,9384,6157,48918,2676,6084,5207,139229149824833
Chinese Taipei            43549180205161096...
Fiji                        ...      ......
French Polynesia                        ...         ...
Georgia                        31111
India            1,074      1,07474349400
Indonesia            33529192871563444181
Kazakhstan                        27331014
Korea            1,986610610767224148120689
Kyrgyz Republic                                       
Laos                        4      22
Malaysia448411862214053015921752401966
Marshall Islands                        102   8   
Mongolia                        82206
Myanmar                        ...      ...   
Nauru                        ...         ...
New Caledonia                                       
North Korea                                       
Pakistan            139      13962   ...4
Papua New Guinea                        1      ...1
Philippines2283015183148      148641281240
Sri Lanka                        16......016
Tajikistan                        1         1
Thailand4671541211934461461071932313310...
Turkmenistan                                       
Uzbekistan                        41103
Vietnam                        32111
Developing Europe                        48311110357315
Albania                        2         2
Belarus                        61115
Bulgaria181216            1200111
Croatia42033923012216......214
Czech Republic25514016100            341414146
Hungary135115119112831002432219
Moldova                        ...         ...
Montenegro                        2         2
North Macedonia                        3         3
Poland3986821309            631211249
Romania                        4410143
Russia            4189411421010324202257
Serbia                        10......   10
Turkey27449102151501421341465554982
Ukraine                        1611312
Developing Latin America & Caribbean                        91411860332464
Argentina214211917411219   93105211687
Belize                        ......      ...
Bolivia                        300   3
Brazil            1,800503971,20110927143152
Chile32312598100            9713115727
Colombia            100   199621171734
Costa Rica                        91126
Cuba                        .........      
Dominican Republic                        3010128
Ecuador                        201......20
El Salvador                        8......08
Grenada                        .........   ...
Guatemala                        81116
Haiti                        ...      ...   
Honduras                        30      2
Jamaica                        10...   36
Mexico            61214340429309441717392
Nicaragua                        .........      
Paraguay                        71016
Peru982821496022433721571839
St. Lucia                        11...      
Surinam                        1...      1
Trinidad and Tobago                        5......22
Turks and Caicos Islands                        0      0...
Uruguay                        22.........22
Venezuela                        350...1025
International organisations                        1,940......      
 1 Total debt securities (TDS) and domestic debt securities (DDS) are reported by national authorities, while international debt securities (IDS) are defined and compiled by the BIS from commercial data sources. Due to differences in definitions and valuation, the amounts for TDS may differ from the sum of DDS and IDS.