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Summary of debt securities outstanding
By residence and sector of issuer, amounts outstanding at end-December 2020, in billions of US dollars  1
«  Q4 2020 › »
Total debt securities Domestic debt securities International debt securities
Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government Total Financial corporations Non-financial corporations General government
Total Banks
All countries                        26,97018,3867,1154,3802,305
Developed countries                        18,56914,3246,1633,452793
Austria60520454346            33114811254129
Belgium85723368557            189105285529
Cyprus288020            2692116
Estonia6213            52212
Finland41721841158            2211861012610
France5,5321,8568472,829            1,5151,09164241212
Germany4,2871,7612672,260            1,362964435286112
Greece12223297            683024137
Ireland1,01881722179            975941871915
Italy3,6508351792,637            927634285180113
Latvia130013            1410013
Lithuania260224            18......117
Luxembourg8908413514            1,0248981331233
Malta14518            21...1   
Netherlands2,4031,785179439            2,3042,0417142620
Portugal3528939224            5934131114
Slovakia7513557            113245
Slovenia442142            1010...8
Spain2,3157111561,448            597515202739
Denmark90571729158754603514515011774259
Iceland            241248139813
Liechtenstein                        3331   
Norway51232110092262128439126720619561...
Sweden813637121644723361212348933317311244
Switzerland            474249881371181016317...
United Kingdom7,1722,9796323,555            3,3342,8721,40844121
Australia2,4981,2402221,0371,969892471,030565496285645
Canada3,9101,6895511,6702,8091,0193151,475996546327297153
Japan14,6782,96790810,80314,2182,64377810,7975103732711307
New Zealand            101      10129171385
United States47,23715,6477,25724,131            2,4381,6485577874
Offshore centres                        3,5353,26844217196
Aruba                        322...0
Bahamas                        117423
Bahrain                        3373422
Barbados                        330   0
Bermuda                        1331122174
Cayman Islands                        2,2602,239112119
Curacao                        111      
Gibraltar                        00...0...
Hong Kong SAR55635250155            359310164482
Lebanon            590   593522...33
Macau SAR                        323232...   
Mauritius                        97   2...
Panama                        501051822
Singapore543215179149149      1491861509836...
West Indies UK                        405373633...
Emerging market and developing economies                        2,9687935107561,416
Developing Africa and Middle East                        64911887111418
Algeria                        ............   
Angola                        8         8
Benin                        1         1
Botswana                        ......         
Cameroon                        1         1
Chad                                       
Congo                        ...      ......
Congo Democratic Republic                                       
Cote d'Ivoire                        14......   14
Egypt                        43.........43
Ethiopia                        1         1
Gabon                        40      4
Ghana                        17      ...17
Guinea                        ...      ...   
Iran                        ............   
Iraq                        5      05
Israel3563681240301366919665511742
Jordan                        7      ...7
Kenya                        6......   6
Kuwait                        147407
Lesotho                                       
Liberia                        7      7   
Libya                                       
Malawi                                       
Mali                                       
Morocco                        11......38
Mozambique                        1      ...1
Namibia                        1         1
Niger                        .........      
Nigeria                        1952014
Oman                        3342226
Qatar                        5742349
Rwanda                        0         0
Saudi Arabia131      131131      131109433073
Senegal                        5      04
Seychelles                        0         0
South Africa            299442223337631121
Sudan                        ...      ......
Tanzania                        ...         ...
Tunisia                        84...   4
Uganda                                       
United Arab Emirates                        17278703757
Yemen                                       
Zambia                        4         4
Zimbabwe                        .........      
Developing Asia and Pacific                        914446258248220
Armenia                        100   1
Azerbaijan                        51131
Bangladesh                        ...      ...   
Brunei                                       
China18,5566,6634,5187,37517,8296,3514,4287,050229151814533
Chinese Taipei            435541762051510105...
Fiji                        ...      ......
French Polynesia                        ...         ...
Georgia                        31111
India            1,056      1,05668298380
Indonesia            32631192761513433978
Kazakhstan                        28331014
Korea            2,060632632795220145118679
Kyrgyz Republic                                       
Laos                        4      22
Malaysia451431892184083216221453401867
Marshall Islands                        102   8   
Mongolia                        82206
Myanmar                        ...      ...   
Nauru                        ...         ...
New Caledonia                                       
North Korea                                       
Pakistan            125      12562   ...4
Papua New Guinea                        1      ...1
Philippines2212916176139      139671291342
Sri Lanka                        16......016
Tajikistan                        1         1
Thailand4881611262014661531122012211211...
Turkmenistan                                       
Uzbekistan                        41103
Vietnam                        32111
Developing Europe                        49911310461325
Albania                        2         2
Belarus                        61115
Bulgaria191216            1300111
Croatia43034024012318......216
Czech Republic2461351695            351414156
Hungary138115122112931002832222
Moldova                        ...         ...
Montenegro                        3         3
North Macedonia                        3         3
Poland4086222324            691211254
Romania                        4610144
Russia            4169411920310623192557
Serbia                        7......   7
Turkey2845192231601621431485655983
Ukraine                        1611312
Developing Latin America & Caribbean                        90511661336453
Argentina2132220172910   91108211789
Belize                        ......      ...
Bolivia                        300   3
Brazil            1,9445591011,28511428153254
Chile33513099106            9313115723
Colombia            108   2107631181933
Costa Rica                        91126
Cuba                        .........      
Dominican Republic                        2710126
Ecuador                        201......20
El Salvador                        8......08
Grenada                        .........   ...
Guatemala                        81116
Haiti                        ...      ...   
Honduras                        30      2
Jamaica                        10...   36
Mexico            62315241429305431717588
Nicaragua                        .........      
Paraguay                        71015
Peru1003021506224434651361734
St. Lucia                        11...      
Surinam                        1...      1
Trinidad and Tobago                        5......22
Turks and Caicos Islands                        0      0...
Uruguay                        220......22
Venezuela                        350...1025
International organisations                        1,897......      
 1 Total debt securities (TDS) and domestic debt securities (DDS) are reported by national authorities, while international debt securities (IDS) are defined and compiled by the BIS from commercial data sources. Due to differences in definitions and valuation, the amounts for TDS may differ from the sum of DDS and IDS.