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Exchange-traded futures and options, by location of exchange
Notional principal, in billions of US dollars
«  Q4 2021 › »
Open interest Daily average turnover
Dec 2020 Sep 2021 Dec 2021 2020 2021 Aug 2021 Sep 2021 Oct 2021 Nov 2021 Dec 2021
Futures
All markets28,99535,05534,1295,4155,8634,4625,3427,7907,1285,016
Interest rate28,66834,73833,8165,2815,7234,3375,1847,6576,9944,878
short-term26,28732,07731,1424,5074,8363,4464,3206,7855,9014,191
long-term2,3812,6622,6747748878918658721,093687
Foreign exchange326316313133140125157133133138
North America18,83922,94723,5183,6913,8403,0133,2355,1565,2783,642
Interest rate18,64422,74623,3183,6213,7692,9593,1465,0935,2093,563
short-term17,19321,10721,6533,1753,2632,3682,7494,6034,4783,224
long-term1,4511,6401,665446506591397490731339
Foreign exchange19520119970715589637079
Europe8,06510,1348,5841,4611,7541,2131,8002,3051,6031,130
Interest rate8,05310,1238,5721,4571,7501,2101,7972,3021,5971,125
short-term7,4479,4167,8901,2181,4669841,4522,0081,319878
long-term606707681239284226345294278247
Foreign exchange1211124434455
Asia and Pacific1,2521,0901,200180170129193211163165
Interest rate1,2211,0591,169164154114177195147149
short-term903752849755740541076348
long-term3183073208997741238884101
Foreign exchange31313016161516161715
Other Markets83988482882991071131188480
Interest rate75081075739505565684241
short-term74480374939505465674141
long-term7780000100
Foreign exchange89747143485248504239
Options
All markets36,95549,73145,9611,4141,5231,1021,5302,3051,9461,285
Interest rate36,83149,59245,8261,4031,5091,0911,5152,2891,9301,268
short-term36,27849,01345,2591,3081,3939901,4042,1791,7921,168
long-term55357856895116101111109138100
Foreign exchange12413913511141214161516
North America23,71332,44830,0571,1131,1359029301,5481,5511,029
Interest rate23,65132,35629,9801,1081,1318989251,5431,5471,025
short-term23,33431,95529,6251,0341,0408158411,4611,436948
long-term317401355749183848211177
Foreign exchange6292784445444
Europe12,11216,45415,065279367185577738382230
Interest rate12,11116,45215,063279367185577738382230
short-term11,88016,27814,851259342167550712355208
long-term23117521220251827262722
Foreign exchange1220000000
Asia and Pacific8576979111012
Interest rate4111101110
short-term0000000000
long-term4111101110
Foreign exchange4465868101011
Other Markets1,12282483217129148214
Interest rate1,06578278315107137113
short-term1,06478178215107137113
long-term1100000000
Foreign exchange5742502211111