> DER > Table D11.1 Structure Help
Turnover of OTC foreign exchange instruments
Daily averages, in millions of US dollars
«  2016  »
Total Spot transactions Outright forwards Foreign exchange swaps Currency swaps FX options
Total, "net-net" basis5,066,4141,652,349699,6332,377,80582,151254,414
By currency
US dollar4,437,0771,385,410599,7452,159,75273,820218,350
Euro1,590,432519,363177,506807,01522,29064,259
Yen1,095,560394,931151,068457,92718,11973,516
Pound (sterling)648,631211,07692,008305,41310,36329,772
Australian dollar348,608142,98540,887138,1017,05219,583
Canadian dollar260,401104,55134,481103,0534,25614,060
Swiss franc243,41957,28629,833149,7271,7024,870
Renminbi202,06767,55627,98886,0312,62517,868
Other currencies1,306,632421,540245,750548,59224,07666,549
By counterparty
With reporting dealers2,120,403605,344189,0171,204,69337,83583,513
Local673,302203,67358,915373,89014,28722,537
Cross-border1,447,100401,670130,102830,80323,54860,976
With other financial institutions2,564,288929,512430,7211,026,00237,341140,714
Local900,587333,728157,886343,82613,22051,928
Cross-border1,663,702595,784272,835682,17624,12188,786
Non-reporting banks1,113,410353,645135,680563,75918,00242,324
Institutional investors797,697290,477171,080277,9136,28751,940
Hedge funds and PTFs389,338200,34482,44165,9718,88331,699
Official sector73,55513,90914,18542,6601,5451,255
Other182,35268,43725,99471,9372,56913,415
Undistributed7,9352,6991,3403,7625480
With non-financial customers381,662117,49479,896147,1116,97630,187
Local224,15482,04155,30266,3793,28717,145
Cross-border157,50935,45224,59480,7323,68913,042
Of which: prime brokered887,151564,007118,891143,1803,20557,868
Of which: retail-driven282,52960,42921,609177,7783,32119,393
Total, "net-gross" basis6,513,5372,054,019829,7353,208,608105,699315,390
By country
United Kingdom2,406,301784,254265,8981,161,15252,699142,248
United States1,272,122580,990219,141391,2416,52674,224
Singapore517,197121,642104,675248,0026,10136,777
Hong Kong SAR436,55791,58044,187275,89412,12312,772
Japan399,028109,91762,669205,7425,80814,892
Switzerland156,43125,3358,441116,404136,239
France180,60022,76615,211136,5111,6364,475
China72,83329,4253,83536,6221602,791
Germany116,38122,9445,63185,2471,4381,121
Other countries956,088265,168100,047551,79119,19619,851